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Her courses include Introductory Cultural Anthropology erectile dysfunction zocor buy cheap viagra on-line, Anthropology of Art impotence xanax order 50mg viagra visa, Anthropology of Religion erectile dysfunction and coronary artery disease in patients with diabetes generic viagra 100 mg otc, Psychological Anthropology, the Imagined Body, Gender, and a fieldwork course on identity construction in Worcester. Issues of religious identity and construction are also an area of ongoing interest. The conference Web site is accessible via the Web site for the Center for Religion, Ethics and Culture. Winter 2003 Exhibit at Holy Cross Closing the Circle: Geertz Reads Rodgers Rodgers spent the 2001/2002 academic year at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Princeton, N. Some 30 years after his work first inspired her to explore the field and then fed her interest in Indonesia as a specific focal point of her studies-30 years after Rodgers first read Geertz-she got to watch Geertz read Rodgers. The exhibit will highlight Indonesian textiles as they work aesthetically and politically with metalwork pieces, with a focus on objects such as gold thread textiles from West Sumatra. These stunning songket cloths combine metal and textile in a "power-charged" pair. Nonetheless, Conroy, who, as the oldest of five brothers, has had plenty of baby-sitting experience, sounds hesitant and concerned. The appearance on Conan-"a huge milestone," he says-came after only three years of professional performances. Once comedians started popping up on television, the culture of comedy clubs died out. Being a stand-up is all about connecting with the audience, trying to figure out who you are on stage. Preferring musicals and comedies to dramas, Conroy discovered that performing was "all about an opportunity to be funny. Having moved to New York to pursue acting, Conroy worked as a full-time teacher from 19891995, teaching junior-high students for one year at 114th St. Before becoming the stuff of one-man shows, the experiences found their way into stories Conroy told "over and over again," one of which describes an experience on his first job. In 1992, he founded his own comedy troupe, called "Out There," so he could work more. From this, he got hired into Chicago City Limits, an off-Broadway touring company that has been running for 20 years. His favorite is the Friday night show with the Swarm, "this incredible group of talented people who all trust each other so much that we can do anything we want to whenever we want and know that ultimately it will work on stage. Murphy ike many adult siblings, the five Dolan sisters used to have a hard time keeping up with each other. The format of Satellite Sisters is straightforward: From New York, Bangkok, Pasadena, and Portland, Ore. Their nickname comes, of course, from the technology needed to connect them all, and the bloodline that they share. According to Lian, a Satellite Sister is "a sounding board for your wacky career Meet Julie Dolan Smith, 47, graduated from Smith College and earned an M. She and her husband, who have two college-age sons, live in Bangkok, where his job took them in 1999. She runs her own sports marketing company and divides her time between Portland, Ore. A Satellite Sister brings information, perspective and balance to your life when you are lacking all three. A Satellite Sister is the person who gets you through, makes you laugh, and, every once in a while, changes your mind. The concept was a few years in the making, though: Its roots go back to August 1996, when Liz-then a high-level executive at Nike-first proposed that the sisters think about collaborating on a business. A collection of essays, it conveys the lessons these sisters learned growing up in a big family and how that prepared them for life in the real world (see sidebar). Excerpts were published in O Magazine and Good Housekeeping, and in December the Dolans even appeared on Oprah. People immediately understood what the show was really about- connecting with family and friends," Julie wrote in the book. In addition to the five Dolan girls, there were also three Dolan boys, and they all graduated from Holy Cross: Jim in 1974, Dick in 1976, and Brendan in 1984. Sheila was the first female Dolan to come to Holy Cross, enrolling in the fall of 1976. And although Sheila had published what she calls "some really bad poetry" in the Purple, none of the five was a "real" author. Most of us are bound together by sharing the small acts of everyday life with the people in our lives who support, accept, sometimes bust, and always encourage us. After the plates were on the table but before grace was said, there was always one thing left to do: Take the phone off the hook. Dinner was about conversation with each other-conversation in the loosest sense of the word. When we put the phone back on the hook as we cleared the table, there were no saved messages or indicators of missed calls. In the world before answering machines and voicemail, none of those options ever occurred to us, and we were none the worse for it. There were simply calls that did not happen because we were having dinner together. Even cold, wet and tired, we had to get our skis, poles, and boots back to that station wagon on our own. Nicklaus and Millard have teamed up to write a coffee-table book, Nicklaus by Design: Golf Course Strategy and Architecture (Harry N. That was a great book but dealt very little with his enormously successful design career. In 1997, when Millard and Nicklaus amicably parted professional ways and Millard went to Senior Golfer, he continued to hunt for a publisher. Dye and Nicklaus became friends over the years and designed courses together, their first joint effort being Harbour Town Golf Links at a mecca of golfing in the United States, Hilton Head, S. The book contains 155 striking color photos and an assortment of other illustrations, including some Nicklaus scrawls on a napkin that eventually turned into the 17th hole at Muirfield Village in Dublin, Ohio. It also covers the gamut of design, Millard says, from "Breaking Ground," which outlines how Nicklaus got into design, to philosophy to how a golf course is created-starting when shovel hits dirt to opening day. Nicklaus and Millard also cover "Great Golf Holes," tournament courses and the future of golf course design. In the "Elements of Design" chapter, Millard says, "Jack looks at tees, fairways, hazards and bunkers almost like pieces of a puzzle; he tells us his thinking about how he designs, why he puts bunkers where he puts them. Whall, with whom he had studied in a first-year course, "Critical Reading and Writing.
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He has published more than 50 articles on medical decision making erectile dysfunction doctor michigan best buy viagra, geriatric oncology erectile dysfunction joliet purchase viagra now, and quality of life for older adults generic erectile dysfunction drugs in canada cheap 75 mg viagra fast delivery, particularly older adults with cancer. Increased patient engagement in health care decision making is posited as a promising path toward better quality, efficiency, and health. Importantly, this emphasis has extended beyond the setting of patient care to medical and health services research. Many, if not most, health research agencies and organizations have developed new ways to include patients and other members of the public in developing research agendas, identifying research priorities, and evaluating research proposals, and to support their involvement in all steps of the research process. The views, preferences, and values of the public shape many of the most important determinants of health and the effectiveness of health care. Public perceptions determine the impact of programs ranging from obesity prevention to the success of immunization programs and cancer screening and from the use of new technologies to the design of insurance. Recently, interest has increased in the use of structured forums for eliciting public input on specific health care issues, particularly when-as is often the case-the problems faced cannot be resolved by technical information alone and involve values-based or ethical tensions. Public deliberation, a form of public consultation, is often central to these forums. The literature on public deliberation offers a rich set of ideas and chronicled experiences about its goals, benefits, uses, and expected outcomes. This paper provides a brief overview of public deliberation and describes its emerging role in health and health care research. Overview of Public Deliberation Public deliberation is based on the premise that many of the important decisions faced by a society-particularly those that involve competing values and complex trade-offs-are best made by decision makers in partnership with the public [2-6]. In the practice of public deliberation, citizens are brought together to engage in a process of learning about, debating, and discussing an issue. Throughout the process, participants have the opportunity and are encouraged to describe their perspectives and articulate the reasoning behind their views [2, 5, 6, 7-12]. These methods vary considerably in intensity, with sessions lasting anywhere from a few hours to several days; they may convene once or periodically over the course of a term. First, a sponsor convenes a group of people, either in person or using online technologies that connect people in remote locations [8, 13]. The active interest of the sponsor is essential for framing the questions of interest, motivating participants, and ensuring the effective implementation of the deliberative sessions. Second, participants are informed about the relevant issue(s) through educational materials and/or the use of content experts. Education is critical to the thoughtful discussion that is central to deliberative methods [7, 10, 11]. Participants are asked to give reasons for their opinions and preferences with the goal of clarifying underlying values; they are encouraged to listen and respond to the perspectives of others [2, 6, 8-10, 12]. Finally, the content of the deliberation is reported to assist a sponsor in understanding public perspectives and incorporating them into decisions. Public deliberation thus assembles a diverse group of people who learn about and debate issues surrounding a social topic and describe their perspectives and reasoning to one another. The result is a record of underlying values and ethics, public reasoning, and options for consideration by decision makers. Information obtained through public deliberation differs from that collected through public surveys, polls, and other public opinion research methods that obtain "top-of-mind" responses and reactions to public issues [4, 14]. Similarly, public deliberation methods differ from town hall meetings, which focus on informing the public and answering questions but do not require participants to examine and clarify their values. The fundamental attributes that characterize public deliberation and distinguish it from other methods stem from its roots in theories of deliberative democracy. The ideal of public deliberation, in use since ancient Greece, is grounded in philosophies of the social contract and bonds among individuals and institutions that shape political and social life. Such deliberation is a means to bolster democratic life, include underrepresented groups, and promote moral reasoning and mutual understanding. Amy Gutmann and Dennis Thompson define deliberative democracy as "a form of government in which free and equal citizens (and their representatives) justify decisions in a process in which they give one another reasons that are mutually acceptable and generally accessible, with the aim of reaching conclusions that are binding in the present on all citizens but open to challenge in the future" . Goodin describes, All [that a minimalist democracy] asks of citizens is to cast a ballot from time to time: in most places, if and only if they feel like it. Public deliberation has a number of outcomes, the relative importance of which depend on the goals of the sponsor. Deliberation can uncover, articulate, and foster shared values as well as diverging perspectives. This goal ultimately reinforces deliberative outcomes involving both individual participants and social decision-making [4, 5, 13, 18, 19]. Finally, deliberation is an inherently transformative process-designed to alter not only participants who go through the process but also the sponsors and other decision-making entities that seek public input. Use of Public Deliberation in Health care the literature describes five general tasks for which deliberation has been used in health care applications. These include (1) developing policy guidance or recommendations, (2) setting priorities, (3) providing guidance on ethical or valuesbased dilemmas, (4) assessing risks, and (5) determining who should have decisionmaking authority. For example, in June 2012, potential users of the California Health Benefits Exchange participated in deliberations in seven California locations regarding how to establish fair cost-sharing to address the health needs of a broad population . The primary purpose of the deliberations was to learn how the public prioritizes health needs for affordable coverage in order to inform the design of the health benefits offered through the exchange . Participants prioritized chronic illness and catastrophic losses for higher levels of coverage. Participants gave priority to health insurance, housing, job training, and dental care . Community members in Michigan were engaged in a deliberative process about pandemic planning to inform public health officials about the courses of action, such as closing schools and workplaces, that would be acceptable responses . In several other countries, deliberative processes have become a more widespread and sometimes institutionalized approach to incorporating public input into health care decisions. In Canada, citizen engagement exercises have taken place in all provinces as well as at a national level and have been used to address a variety of concerns. In New Brunswick, a provincewide initiative engaged the public in establishing priorities for primary care, acute/supportive care, and systemwide concerns . In Ontario, public consultation was used to prioritize services at a community hospital that was facing budget deficits, with citizens acting to identify core services to be maintained at the hospital as well as noncore services (including, for example, a diabetes complication prevention clinic, complex continuing care, and outpatient rehabilitation) that would be closed [24, 25]. In Quebec, a consultation forum met over a 3-year period to provide input about the performance of the health care system and to discuss specific social and ethical dilemmas submitted to it by the Health and Welfare Commissioner . The explicit role of the Citizens Council is issuing social value judgments-judgments that "take account of the ethical principles, preferences, culture and aspirations that should underpin the nature and extent of the care provided by a health service" . Since this initial report, the Citizens Council has deliberated and released reports on Deliberation and Health Care Research Public deliberation in the area of health research is as yet quite limited. Deliberation has been used to (1) address principles for the conduct of research, (2) explore priorities for research, and (3) consider how research evidence should be applied in health decisions.
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For each of these polymorphisms we could designate the allele that results in a taller individual as t and the other allele corresponding to erectile dysfunction pills from canada purchase viagra 25mg on line the shorter configuration of that polymorphism as s erectile dysfunction pumpkin seeds order discount viagra line. Suppose we measure the heights of many animals and find that their heights fit the usual bell-shaped curve impotence yahoo answers proven 25mg viagra. The average animal probably possesses approximately half of its alleles in the s configuration and half in the t configuration. However, there would be an ultimate limit in height represented by a case in which an animal possessed all of its 100 H polymorphisms (in both of its genomes) in the t configuration. Eventually, new mutational changes would occur that would add to the number of height polymorphisms. If conditions changed in the wild population of this animal favoring taller individuals, natural selection would operate in the same manner. Mutations are the feedstock to the evolution process but natural selection actually operates upon selectable properties. More generally, in Chapter 5 you read that, subsequent to Darwin, the inheritance process in more complex organisms has been found to involve many complex mechanisms in addition to natural selection that clearly affect the overall process of evolution. These evolutionary mechanisms include sexual reproduction, more effective recombination of genetic data, unequal crossover, existence of and mechanics of diploid chromosomes such as pairing and meiosis, and evolutionary aspects of the organization of digital data in genomes. The process of evolution in complex (diploid) organisms is therefore very different from that of simpler organisms. Because diploid organisms contain two sets of genetic data, the adverse effect might not be fully expressed in an organism in which the second set of genetic information did not contain the mutant data. If the mutant trait was recessive, an organism possessing a nonmutant set as well as a mutant set of data would not express any adverse effect. Diploid organisms can possess the adverse mutation without expressing the adverse trait. In a haploid organism, any organism that possesses an adverse mutation also expresses that adverse trait. Therefore, mildly adverse mutations can propagate further and be retained in a species population longer in a diploid organism than in a haploid organism. Likewise, a beneficial mutation would propagate less rapidly in a diploid organism. This feature of diploid organisms supports maintaining genetic diversity and also supports adjustments to Darwinian evolution as described below. It is also one of the observations that are directly incompatible with traditional evolutionary mechanics: Why would sexual reproduction evolve and be retained if it is adverse to the propagation of beneficial mutations and encourages propagation of adverse mutations? While evolution in very simple organisms such as bacteria could plausibly proceed in a more or less Darwinian manner, evolution in complex organisms is a much longer and more complicated process than could possibly have been anticipated by Darwin. These mechanisms also themselves appear to be generally incompatible with orthodox Darwinism. An animal possessing a beneficial mutation cannot depend on that mutation being passed to its descendants. Many of the mechanisms that cause plausible evolutionary impact have no individual fitness effect. The design of this system is independent from fitness just as the mechanism and language of an email do not affect the content of the message. Many of these mechanisms operate over time scales that are very large compared to the time scale under which speciation occurs, much less the time scale at which individual mutations occur. In orthodox Darwinian evolution, we could imagine that a mutation to data in a sperm cell would cause a beneficial change in the very animal produced by that sperm cell. In complex evolution, because of all the recombining, transposing, and clustering, we could imagine that a mutation might not participate in a beneficial effect for millions of years after it occurred. Our current knowledge of the structure of the (digital) genetic code indicates that certain characteristics could be essentially immune to natural selection relative to other characteristics and that some parts of the code and their resulting characteristics could (and do) have lifetimes much greater than a species lifetime. Apparently, at any particular point in time only a tiny portion of a genome varies between individuals and therefore only that tiny portion is subject to natural selection. A species could therefore inherit a "species benefiting" characteristic from an ancestor species that was robustly resistant to out selection and would therefore survive the tendency to select out because of individual disadvantage. For all of these reasons, it is reasonable to believe that immediate single mutation benefit does not represent the primary mode of evolution in more complex organisms. Instead, mutations that are individually fitness-neutral or mildly adverse occur and are distributed rather widely in a population. Individual organisms, created by recombination, and possessing beneficial combinations of these mutations live longer and breed more. The nearly neutral mutational alleles underlying the beneficial combinations are therefore propagated more widely. Other, longer-term mechanisms cause genome organizational changes that affect subsequent evolution. The extent of variation (in fitness terms) that exists in a population due to recombination is usually much larger than that resulting from any individual underlying and plausibly beneficial mutation. The existence of complex evolutionary processes therefore supports long-term theories for more complex organisms. The existence of evolved mechanisms that support and improve the process of evolution leads directly to evolvability theory (to be described). If organisms can evolve some characteristics that help them to evolve, what other such characteristics might exist? Where group selection has tended to be based on behaviors, and therefore subject to endless argument, emerging genetic mechanisms are relatively "hard" science, confirmed by repeatable experiments performed by independent investigators. We can therefore hope that further developments in genetics will eventually definitively settle questions about evolution, evolvability, and group selection. Now suppose that at some later time, point "B" this mutational change has propagated to essentially the entire population and is now part of the normal genome for that organism. We can all agree that natural selection differentially affects mutational changes on their journey from point A to point B and that therefore natural selection processes and filters the mutational changes. Therefore if the inheritance system has any features or properties that differentially affect mutational changes that these features and properties would also act to filter and process mutations. This book describes how many inheritance features (paired chromosomes, genetic linkage, pattern sensitivity, unequal crossover, transposons, etc. Example: If a mildly individually adverse mutational change is located on the same chromosome and physically near a group of other mutational changes that produce a beneficial effect, then propagation of the first change will be enhanced because of genetic linkage. If someone tells you that they understand evolutionary mechanics or that they have a model for the evolution process, ask to see how their understanding or model deals with each of these features and further how they deal with interactions between differentiating inheritance features and natural selection. We recognize that a trait that was not genetically recorded cannot participate in the evolution process. In fact, "acquired" traits that are not genetically transmitted but are important to survival (such as knowledge and experience) can have a negative effect on evolution as explained in following sections.
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Behind his closed eyelids an ocean of luminous bliss poured upwards like an inverted cataract erectile dysfunction treatment kolkata safe 100mg viagra. Poured upwards from union into completer union erectile dysfunction keywords buy cheap viagra online, from impersonality into a yet more absolute transcendence of selfhood erectile dysfunction after age 50 order viagra uk. Then all of a sudden, up comes Homo sapiens, out pops the knowledge of good and evil. Nothing was of any importance except this blazing uprush of bliss and understanding. Susila had been putting a record on the turntable of a phonograph and now the machine was in motion. Another bubble of recognition came shooting up; he was listening to the Fourth Brandenburg Concerto. It was the same, of course, as the Fourth Brandenburg he had 329 listened to so often in the past-the same and yet completely different. Which meant that he was in the best possible position to realize that he had never really heard it before. The Allegro was revealing itself as an element in the great present Event, a manifestation at one remove of the luminous bliss. In another modality this Allegro was the luminous bliss; it was the knowledgeless understanding of everything apprehended through a particular piece of knowledge; it was undifferentiated awareness broken up into notes and phrases and yet still all-comprehendingly itself. The music which, as William Asquith Farnaby, he had heard a hundred times before, he had been reborn as an unowned awareness. Unowned, the Fourth Brandenburg had an intensity of beauty, a depth of intrinsic meaning, incomparably greater than anything he had ever found in the same music when it was his private property. And all the time he had been denying, by the mere fact of being himself, all the beauty and meaning he so passionately longed to say yes to. William Asquith Farnaby was nothing but a muddy filter, on the hither side of which human beings, nature, and even his beloved art had emerged bedimmed and bemired, less, other and uglier than themselves. Tonight, for the first time, his awareness of a piece of music was completely unobstructed. Between mind and sound, mind and pattern, mind and significance, there was no longer any babel of biographical irrelevances to drown the music or make a senseless discord. Or rather (and still more impossibly, seeing that it had three movements and was being played at its usual speed) it was without duration. The metronome presided over each of its phrases; but the sum of its phrases was not a span of seconds and minutes. It was one of those metaphysical dirty words which no decent-minded man would dream of pronouncing even to himself, much less in public. Tonight those four syllables were no less concretely significant than the four letters of the other class of tabooed words. He sat there motionlessly attentive, following with ear and inward eye the interwoven streams of sound, the interwoven streams of congruous and equivalent lights, that flowed on time-lessly from one sequence to another. And every phrase of this well-worn familiar music was an unprecedented revelation of beauty that went pouring upwards, like a multitudinous fountain, into another revelation as novel and amazing as itself. Stream within stream-the stream of the solo violin, the streams of the two recorders, the manifold streams of the harpsichord and the little orchestra of assorted strings. Separate, distinct, 331 individual-and yet each of the streams was a function of all the rest, each was itself in virtue of its relationship to the whole of which it was a component. In the timeless sequence of change the recorders were holding a single long-drawn note. And here was another inspirational obscenity that had now acquired a concrete meaning and might be uttered without a sense of shame. Pure contemplation, unconcerned, beyond contingency, outside the context of moral judgments. This long pure note was the meaning of her words, the audible expression of her silence. But, always, flowing through and along with the heavenly emptiness of that contemplative fluting was the rich sound, vibration within passionate vibration, of the violin. And surrounding them both-the notes of contemplative detachment and the notes of passionate involvement- was this network of sharp dry tones plucked from the wires of the harpsichord. They were comprehended by discursive thought, but comprehended, it was obvious, only from the outside, in terms of an order of experience radically different from that which discursive thinking professes to explain. And here, dancing in and out between them, was the Logical Positivist, absurd but indispensable, trying to explain, in a language incommensurable with the facts, what is was all about. In the Eternity that was as real as shit, he went on listening to these interwoven streams of sound, went on looking at these interwoven streams of light, went on actually being (out there, in here, and nowhere) all that he saw and heard. These interwoven streams, which were the first fluid differentiations of an understanding on the further side of all particular knowledge, had ceased to be a continuum. Instead, there was, all of a sudden, this endless succession of separate forms-forms still manifestly charged with the luminous bliss of undifferentiated being, but limited now, isolated, individualized. Silver and rose, yellow and pale green and gentian blue, an endless succession of luminous spheres came swimming up from some hidden source of forms and, in time with the music, purposefully constellated themselves into arrays of unbelievable complexity and beauty. An inexhaustible fountain that sprayed out into conscious pattern-ings, into lattices of living stars. And as he looked at them, as he lived their life and the life of this music that was their equivalent, they went on growing into other lattices that filled the three dimensions of an inner space and changed incessantly in another, timeless dimension of quality and significance. The fountain of forms, the colored orbs in their conscious arrays and purposefully changing lattices gave place to a static composition of uprights and diagonals, of flat planes and curving cylinders, all carved out of some material that looked like living agate, and all emerging from a matrix of living and pulsating mother-ofpearl. Like a blind man newly healed and confronted for the first time by the mystery of light and color, he stared in uncomprehending astonishment. And then, at the end of another twenty timeless bars of the Fourth Brandenburg, a bubble of 334 Island explanation rose into consciousness. He was looking, Will suddenly perceived, at a small square table, and beyond the table at a rocking chair, and beyond the rocking chair at a blank wall of whitewashed plaster. The explanation was reassuring for in the eternity that he had experienced between the opening of his eyes and the emergent knowledge of what he was looking at, the mystery confronting him had deepened from inexplicable beauty to a consummation of shining alienness that filled him, as he looked, with a kind of metaphysical terror. Well, this terrifying mystery consisted of nothing but two pieces of furniture and an expanse of wall. His attention shifted from the geometrical constructions in brown agate to their pearly background. Its name, he knew, was "wall"; but in experienced fact it was a living process, a continuing series of transubstantiations from plaster and whitewash into the stuff of a supernatural body-into a god-flesh that kept modulating, as he looked at it, from glory to glory. He turned his head to the left and there (appropriate words had bubbled up almost immediately) was the large marble-topped table at which they had eaten their supper. This breathing apocalypse called "table" might be thought of as a picture by some mystical Cubist, some inspired Juan Gris with the soul of Traherne and a gift for painting miracles with conscious gems and the changing moods of water-lily petals.
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More probably impotence surgery buy cheapest viagra, the young man answered to erectile dysfunction causes emotional viagra 100 mg generic the young man in Bush erectile dysfunction doctors buy viagra 75mg on line, to the frisky kiddishness that remains his central implausibility. It could release a lot of emotion, as opposed to canned emotion, and the challenge then is to steer that energy in your direction. You put sixty or seventy people in front of a videotaped stump speech and hand out dials (marked 1-100) on which the audience plots its undulating level of approval. And out comes a tracking graph that gives you an emotional com· 1 10 Phantom of the Opera mentary on the speech. I left with an image of the American electorate, fitted with heartbeat monitor, peter meter, and armpit humidor dial, and pegged out in the political-science lab of the future. Not that it appears to matter, but in a sense George Bush is everything that Ronald Reagan only seems to be: war hero, sports star, self-reliant achiever, family man. If George is the best father in America, then Ronnie is the worst (he is also, for instance, a war wimp who lied about his record - to Yitzhak Shamir). Yet Reagan has made it all new: the frictionless illusion of a distinguished life is now far catchier than the effortful reality. After Reagan, though, the messenger is the message, and this messenger tends to pratfall on the steps to the throne. Poor George, with his warts negatives, his compassion-issues perception problem, and his lack of biceps - and of anchors and songbirds and the bruised names of love. Do we get the feeling that the language has taken a beating over the past eight years? It has been an era of euphemism, during which taxes have become revenue enhancements, accountability has demoted itself to deniability, and the lie has turned into the blooper. He bequeaths the Debt: just as crucially, he bequeaths an atmosphere in which no politician dares discuss it. What is this woozy affinity between the American people and a Bonanza fan who turns in at 1 0 pm? When they see Reagan frowning at his cue cards - instead of wanting less, they want more. For a decade Reagan has impersonated, with an un guessable degree of sincerity, the kind of American we hear a lot about at election time, if at no other: pious, wise, caring, industrious, independent, and above all average. The clear truth that this average American is a vain and shifty prodigal is not something that average Americans are raring to face up to. In New Orleans the amplifiers sweltered with that special theme: American exceptionalism. Never content just to be, America is also obliged to mean; America signifies, hence its constant and riveting vulnerability to illusion. In elevating Reagan the average American who was special enough to land the best job in the free world - Americans elevate themselves. So perhaps the Era can be viewed as a narcissistic episode; a time when every American was President. These lines from the late novella, Transparent Things, came flooding back to me, as I walked from my own dire hostelry (fuming radiators, pot-luck room service, a bed like a ham mock) to the sparkling citadel of the Montreux Palace Hotel, where the Nabokovs took up residence in 1 96 1, and where Vera Evseevna Nabokov has now spent the last four years, alone, in the sixth floor of the old wing. I can imagine the comfortable furniture, the efficient burglar alarms, but I am unable to visualise an adequate staff. Old retainers require time to grow old, and I wonder how much of it there still is at my disposal. Strolling through the sun and mist of the lakeside, I thought of the lost and innocuous parklands of an idealised boyhood. The Swiss children are dapper and 1 13 Visiting Mrs Nabokov immaculate on their skates. The Swiss midges, keeping them selves to themselves, are much too civic-minded to swarm or sting. Nabokov, was assas sinated at a political meeting in Berlin); a precarious stay in France as the country fell to the Germans; and then last-minute escape (Vera is Jewish) to the hospitable void of the New World. In America Nabokov completed twenty hard years on the literary and academic treadmill. Meanwhile he had the task of reincarnating himself as (broadly speaking) an English novelist rather than a Russian one. For all its plotting and incident, the life of Vladimir and Yera Nabokov has had a simple theme, that of dedication. They came to Montreux to put the oeuvre in order, to supervise the translations of earlier work, and to get the last novels safely out of the way. Mrs Nabokov awaited me patiently in one of the pillared public rooms of the Montreux Palace Hote l. The s m i l i n g waiter b a ntered and soothed; according to legend, Vladim i r Nabokov was a compulsive tipper, and h i s w i fe clearly rem a i n s one of the cossets of the staff. She I 14 Visiting Mrs Nabokov sipped prudently at her whisky, which she did not entirely finish. She has been rather ill recently - her hearing is a little weak and she uses a stick; but even now, in her seventies, the deeply responsive face is still suffused with feminine light. A combination of modesty and natural inquisitiveness or warmth makes her a ticklish subject for interview. Dmitri is at present living near his mother: in the hospital at Lausanne, to be precise, where he is completing a long convalescence after an awesome car crash last year. He forced his way from the flaming wreck and was rushed to the hospital, which was providentially only ten minutes away and contains one of the most advanced burn-treatment units in the world. From there Dmitri cool ly telephoned his mother, saying that he had had a minor accident and would be over to see her soon. Like his father, Dmitri is tall, balding, athletic, expansive, and innately good-humoured; he defers to his mother with a courtly protectiveness. Over lunch it soon became clear that Montreux has devel oped into a kind of clearing-house for the Nabokov light industry. Dmitri is currently translating Transparent Things into Italian; Vera is translating Pale Fire into Russian (for samizdat, of course, as is the fate of V. For instance, Dmitri is still licking his wounds over the recent Broadway adaptation of Lolita. When Vladimir Nabokov died, on 2 July 1 977, a novel lay half finished on his lectern. It is a terrible dilemma, and one that the surviving Nabokovs have by no means resolved. For if there is a greater obligation than the one owed to Vladimir Nabokov, it is the obligation owed to li terary history. Dmitri and Vera arc profoundly conscious of this, 1 16 Visiting Mrs Nabokov and it is intimately bound up with the tenor of their family pride. And, until I had made myself clear, every atom in her body seemed to tremble with indignation. Now Dmitri took his leave; he would catch the train back to the hospital at Lausanne.
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But even the nose of a very modest idol (younger than Chu-Bu and not much older than Sheemish)1 cannot remain entirely untickled by the sweet smell of incense! To my mind it is the particular use in a particular situation of any motive erectile dysfunction pills available in stores buy cheap viagra 25mg on line, whether invented erectile dysfunction medication uk buy generic viagra from india, deliberately borrowed erectile dysfunction keywords discount 75 mg viagra with mastercard, or unconsciously remembered that is the most interesting thing to consider. Lothlуrien is beautiful because there the trees were loved; elsewhere forests are represented as awakening to consciousness of themselves. The Old Forest was hostile to two legged creatures because of the memory of many injuries. Fangorn Forest was old and beautiful, but at the time of the story tense with hostility because it was threatened by a machine-loving enemy. Mirkwood had fallen under the domination of a Power that hated all living things but was restored to beauty and became Greenwood the Great before the end of the story. It would be unfair to compare the Forestry Commission with Sauron because as you observe it is capable of repentance; but nothing it has done that is stupid compares with the destruction, torture and murder of trees perpetrated by private individuals and minor official bodies. The savage sound of the electric saw is never silent wherever trees are still found growing. I began this under the stress of great emotion & regret and in any case I am afflicted from time to time (increasingly) with an overwhelming sense of bereavement. Yet I hope none of my children will feel that the use of this name is a sentimental fancy. I never called Edith Lъthien but she was the source of the story that in time became the chief pan of the Silmarillion. It was first conceived in a small woodland glade filled with hemlocks at Roos in Yorkshire (where I was for a brief time in command of an outpost of the Humber Garrison in 1917, and she was able to live with me for a while). In those days her hair was raven, her skin clear, her eyes brighter than you have seen them, and she could sing and dance. But the story has gone crooked, & I am left, and I cannot plead before the inexorable Mandos. For if as seems probable I shall never write any ordered biography it is against my nature, which expresses itself about things deepest felt in tales and myths - someone close in heart to me should know something about things that records do not record: the dreadful sufferings of our childhoods, from which we rescued one another, but could not wholly heal the wounds that later often proved disabling; the sufferings that we endured after our love began all of which (over and above our personal weaknesses) might help to make pardonable, or understandable, the lapses and darknesses which at times marred our lives - and to explain how these never touched our depths nor dimmed our memories of our youthful love. For ever (especially when alone) we still met in the woodland glade, and went hand in hand many times to escape the shadow of imminent death before our last parting. A car was sent for me & I went to the great new (grey and white) offices and book-stores of Allen & Unwin. To this I paid a kind of official visitation, like a minor royalty, and was somewhat startled to discover the main business of all this organization of many departments (from Accountancy to Despatch) was dealing with my works. When I did not show quite the gratified surprise expected I was gently told that a single order of 100 copies used to be pleasing (and still is for other books), but this one for the L. The college has treated me with the greatest kindness and generosity: they have provided me with a beautiful flat with 2 large rooms & a bathroom in one of their houses in Merton Street, which has a caretaker (and his wife) who look after my domestic needs. They have made me a residential Emeritus Fellow with all the privileges of a Fellow (such as free lunch & dinner at the common table) but no duties. The Fellow and members of Common Room are now 3 times as many, and their standard has risen v. But I do have some obligations of courtesy as a Fellow (and of gratitude for my rescue from the despair of my situation in Jan. So I was amazed to receive a letter from the Warden saying that he had called a special meeting of the Governing Body, and it had unanimously voted that I should be invited to be a residential Fellow! I should be interested to hear what names you eventually choose (as individual names? I had a similar disappointment when a drinking goblet arrived (from a fan) which proved to be of steel engraved with the terrible words seen on the Ring. The English use duodecimals and have special words for them, namely dozen and gross. This is due to the elementary mathematical discovery, as soon as people stop counting on their fingers and toes, that 12 is a much more convenient number than 10. I did devise numeral signs to go with the Fлanorian alphabet accommodated to both a decimal nomenclature and a duodecimal, but I have never used them and no longer hold an accurate memory of them. I am afraid the folder containing the numeral systems is not available and may be locked away in a strongroom. I remember that the numerals were written according to a positional system like the Arabic, beginning at the left with the lowest number and rising to the highest on the right. I recently played with the notion of using the word for bull I gave you, which introduced in the form -mund gives a fairly familiar sound (as in Edmund, Sigismund, etc. I should not feel inclined to help in this destructive process, even if it did not seem to me that this exercise was supposed to be your own private work without assistance. Elendil and his sword Narsil are Quenya; Gil-galad and his spear Aiglos are Sindarin, though he was King of the High-elves. As you probably know, I am an old man, and slower at work than I used to be; but I am still burdened with a great many affairs, that constantly interrupt my efforts to publish at least some of my other legends. All your questions are interesting, but I am afraid satisfactory answers require in many cases reference to linguistic and legendary matters that would take far too long to deal with in a letter. But he admits that he was, and he explains why adequately for those who realize what a burden of responsibility, haste, and fear he bore. Though dwindling, the population of Minas Tirith and its fiefs must have been much greater than that of Lindon, Rivendell, and Lуrien. The names in the line of Arthedain are peculiar in several ways; and several, though S. It was a collective or group suffix, and the nouns so formed [were] originally singulars. If indeed all were so; some may have been merely coinages in the general style; or alterations of old names arising domestically. They were made & owned by the Valar, but both had perished, in the Darkening of Valinor. I am afraid it is unfair on linguistically minded readers not to provide them with more material. I am nearly always written to as Tolkein (not by you): I do not know why, since it is pronounced by me always keen. I am afraid this is largely illegible, and though longwinded and complicated, leaves much to be explained. For instance we have Arnor and Gondor, which he has retained because he desired to avoid Ardor. But it can now only (though reasonably) be explained after invention as due to a blending of Q. It is a secondary name given to her in her youth in the far past because she had long hair which glistened like gold but was also shot with silver. She was then of Amazon disposition and bound up her hair as a crown when taking part in athletic feats. Well: here I am now established in Merton; still fairly lively and active though I have had a longish bout of poor health since my 81st birthday party on Jan 3rd (a mere sequel in time & not due to the party! For I guessed that something untoward, beyond some vagary of the French posts, must have happened.
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By 1 08 Phantom of the Opera serving in Guard somehow is not patriotic erectile dysfunction doctor mn buy viagra 25 mg free shipping, I really do not subscribe to erectile dysfunction mental treatment viagra 50mg discount that erectile dysfunction 20s buy genuine viagra on line. She showed me the copy of the Vladimir Nabokov Research Letter which had been nestling on her lap, pointing to the illustrations of the imaginary butterflies drawn by her husband (reproduced from her personal copies of his books). The cod-Latin names contain various diminutives of her name verae, verinia, verochka. After all, even in St Petersburg the boys of the Tenishev School often fraternised with the girls of the Obolensky. Vera had innocently attended the readings given by Vladimir on the emigre intellectual circuit in Berlin. Vera was working in the office to earn extra money for horseback riding in the Tiergarten. They glimpsed each other, but did not meet properly until later in the year, at a Charity Ball. She has been described as an intensely private person - Visiting Mrs Nabokov more private, even, than her husband. She has formidable self-possession, certainly, and would, you feel, be hard on any folly or impertinence on the part of an outsider. Partly, I suppose, I valued the memory 119 Visiting Mrs Nabokov of my visit because it provided a living link with her husband, whom I have always idolised; in her, it seemed, he lived on. In a curiously Nabokovian twist of things, there was some difficulty in locating that urn. English whisky costs Ј30-odd a bottle in India: a diplomat could support a large servant family with a quarterly gift - which would cost him Ј1 a time. In the lava tory of New Delhi International Airport you might see two untouchable sweepers fleetingly embrace among the slops. Nearly everyone seems to be in terrible trouble, and not to mind about it that much. The first response, promoting lack of imagination to intrepidity, takes a heartily sentimental pleasure in the dirt and distress - this is the response, in different ways, of the hippy and of the colonist. Naipaul passed on the story of the Sikh who, returning to India after several years abroad, sat down among his suitcases on the Bombay docks and wept; he had forgotten what Indian poverty was like. It is Indian above a l l i n its atti tude to poverty as something which, thought about from time to time in the midst of other preoccupations, releases the sweetest of emotions. Poverty not as an u rge to anger or impro v i ng action, but poverty as an inex h a ustible sou rce of tears. In the best and most admirable sense, the book is a labour of dramatic intellectual strain. Compared to An Area of Darkness, the new memoir is sharply focused, analytical and remote. But it is also angrier and less forgiving, written with a resolute cold ness; and in the end it is an intransigently bitter book. As in the earlier book, Naipaul identifies the caste system as the main form of insulation. The bathrooms of a Bombay r 23 Visiting Mrs Nabokov hotel are ankle-deep in excrement; but the hotel employs four sweepers; the bathrooms are therefore spotless. The fingers of a food-server are grimy and rank; but the food-server is of the designated food-serving caste; nothing served by the fingers of his right hand could therefore be unclean. Caste is a neces sary blinker: it also secures the people in their self-defining roles. A street sweeper uses his fingers alone to lift dust from the road into his cart; a woman cleans a giant causeway with a tiny rag, achieving in a day what a child could do with a single push on a broom; but this is their function - it is what they are born to be. Naipaul tells the story of the foreign businessman who edu cated his untouchable servant and secured him a better job. During the Emergency, an opposition pamphlet was circu lated giving details of alarming tortures suffered by political prisoners. The opposition pamphlet, though, as Naipaul says, serenely confuses its aims: a plea for humanitarianism becomes a cry of reactionary caste outrage. Naipaul has a devastating chapter on the new and expensively equipped National Insti tute of 1 24 V. Here, important projects include a portable spraying machine with an innovatory and very heavy - internal motor, enough to cripple any labourer who strapped it on; another team is working on a pair of bladed reaping shoes, requiring a kind of bucolic gambol from the hale and happy peasant. At the same time, on any Indian road, you can see the peasant improving the performance of his bullock in the immemorial way, by pushing a stick up its anus. It is an unregarded but necessary part of the idyll, one of the obscene sights of the Indian road: the hideous cruelty of pre-industrial life, cruelty constant and casual, and easily extended from beast to man. In some Indian villages children are preferred to men for the few available jobs, because they are cheaper; chil dren become a source of wealth; suicidal overpopulation is guaranteed. They gather in packed, cloacal settlements, where the huts are so crowded that 1 25 Visiting Mrs Nabokov families often sleep in shifts. Naipaul sees in India now the complete and graphic failure of Mahatma Gandhi, and of the Gandhianism cheap ened by the likes of Vinoba Bhave and Mr Desai. In seeking to awaken India with the example of his courage and asceti cism, Gandhi turned India back on itself, on its own atavistic self-absorption. However it is resolved, India will at the end be face to face with its own emptiness, the inadequacy of an old civilisation which is cherished because it is all men have but which no longer answers their needs. Although always measured and elegant, there is nothing writerly i n these pages; there i s n o relish. The early memoir was humbling because of its sheer quality, because it seemed chasteningly good. India: A Wounded Civilisation attempts something less congenial; it is a long and angry stare at the obvious; it is humbling in a different way, because it seems chasteningly right. In one of the old myths, it is said that the Gutenberg Bible, on completion, was taken straight to Frankfurt, where they immediately had a book fair about it. You hear stories that, once decoded, sound like the usual fallout from the annual office party: heavy drinking, tearful passes made at secretaries, and so on. Frankfurt is also, apparently, a clearing-house for ideas, for creativity, for the exchange of geopolitical truths. In the tea houses and coffee shops of this spangled garden city, the thinkers and seekers of the publishing world can really get together and thrash out such topics as the meaning of life and the destiny of the planet. Seen as a triple vertex of high commerce, high culture and high living - clearly, in mid October, the Frankfurt Book Fair is the place to be. Driving in from the airport, I brought to mind the descriptions I had heard of the main exhi bition hall where the Fair is staged - the biggest exhibition hall in the world, the largest building in the world, the most enormous edifice in the history of mankind. Corporation office blocks, l ike upended match boxes i n lay· ered glass and steel, form the only extrusions on the flat land. Expressively bannered as the Frankfurter Buch messe, the exhibition area resembles an airport in dire need of renovation, and Halle 5 (the scene of all the international action) a windy hangar where half-a-dozen Hindenbergs might have slept. These were low-echelon men, naturally (the bosses tending to fly out later in the week); dressed in berets and chunky sweaters, they looked van-sick and liverish after two days of Belgian roads and Belgian meals.
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Herman had also been a member of the National Association of Convenience Stores and a direc- Road Signs "How then shall you live? During spring break through your Appalachia Service Projects and your work with Habitat for Humanity erectile dysfunction medication wiki viagra 100 mg amex. In the city of Worcester erectile dysfunction pump rings order 75mg viagra free shipping, serving so many elderly erectile dysfunction protocol video buy viagra 50mg overnight delivery, youth, homeless and hungry brothers and sisters. Men and women of the Cross, surely, you have known something of your calling during your undergraduate years. And now as you ready yourselves for that wider world, do you recognize your mission? In a culture of narcissism and materialism, can you witness to the Cross of self-giving love and compassion for the least of your brothers and sisters? Members of the Class of 2002, you come to this day with a sense of great achievement and accomplishment. Let us move beyond the cheerleading and open ourselves to the Holy Cross Magazine Summer 2002 the following homily was presented by Fr. In these days when you find yourself reminiscing, can you hear the cheers ring out on the basketball court, down at Fitton Field, and behind the Hart Center? And you, men and women of the Class of 2002, how have you lifted high the Cross during your years on Mount Saint James? In truth, some of you have surprised the complacent with your generous service and your courage in speaking out for justice: At Fort 77 truth of our calling as men and women of the Cross. If you want to become my followers, he tells us, then lose your life for my sake and for the Gospel. Men and women called to the greater, the Magis as we like to say in Jesuit circles. You are called to travel with Abraham and Sarah from the safety of your homeland to that unknown territory where you will witness to the faith-the faith that places trust in God above the security of human power and control. You are called to walk the journey of the Cross in all of its mystery, for you are men and women of the Cross and may you never forget this. Dietrich Bonhoeffer, the great Lutheran theologian who was martyred by the Nazis in 1945, was a man of the Cross. In his classic work, the Cost of Discipleship, he reminds us that the first cross everyone must experience is the call to abandon the attachments of the world. It may be an experience similar to the first disciples who are called to leave their security and risk for the unknown future. It may be an experience like the rich man in the Gospels who needs to let go of his self-will so as to find the freedom of discipleship. It may be the call to let go of prestige in the eyes of our peers so as to embrace a passion for justice that flows from a heart of compassion. And within our contemporary Church yearning for reform, it may well be the choice to abandon the cloak of secrecy so as to allow the light of truth and integrity to shine forth. As men and women of the Cross, your success finally cannot be measured by worldly honors. For you, to be the very best in the field is to move from personal achievement toward the grace of service. In this shall you find lasting fulfillment as you join with all men and women of good will in that noble task of building up the "civilization of love. You seize the day by helping to make the world a more just place, a more loving place, a more forgiving and reconciling place. Surely, this is a noble calling at a time when the dignity of humanity is being threatened by forces of violence, greed and lust. As graduates of the Cross, you leave the security of Mount Saint James to travel along the journey that invites you to ever greater generosity. Perhaps the words of theologian, Jon Sobrino, can encourage you and challenge you to persevere along this pilgrimage of service and compassion: In his classic work, Christology at the Crossroads, he says the following: "The privileged mediation of God continues to be the real Cross of the oppressed. Oppressed persons are the mediation of God because they break down the normal self-interest with which human persons approach others. Merely by being there, the oppressed call into question those who approach-questioning what it means to be a human being. Through your encounters with the marginalized in our wider Worcester community, perhaps God has spoken to you in ways you never expected. Perhaps the suffering and oppression of the poor and marginalized have shaken your own beliefs about how you want to live in this world; about your understanding of success; about your calling in life. You are educated men and women of the Cross who are not ignorant of the economic injustices that lead to an ever widening gap between the rich and poor in this land and throughout the world. Now as you set forth on your new journey, do not forget the values of loving service and compassion which you have learned at the Cross. Do not close your hearts to the injustices that perpetuate poverty for the majority of our brothers and sisters. Personal success and worldly prestige will tempt you toward complacency and shallowness of vision. Freedom from self-promotion, and freedom for loving service in solidarity with all who struggle for dignity and fulfillment. My brothers and sisters of the Cross, go forth with the name that places you at the forefront of contradiction among so many graduates throughout this land. And as you lift high that glorious Cross of love, may you discover again and again what our loving Savior desires for all of us when he says, "I have come that you may have life, and have it to the full. Due to constraints of space, we will print letters that are representative of the response generated by any given feature in the magazine. Holy Cross Magazine reserves the right to edit all letters for length and clarity. My hope is that as we strive to raise the excellence of Holy Cross through monetary contributions, we remain aware of, and committed to, the true meaning of "lifting high the cross. H To the Editor: oly Cross is fortunate to benefit from the fiscal generosity of alumni and friends whose contributions consistently improve our College. It will allow for the new buildings, technologies and other amenities critical to providing the highest quality, modern education. However, as I began to receive mailings about the "Lift High the Cross" campaign, I became worried about the terminology chosen for the project. There is something particularly significant about attending a Catholic college named after the ultimate Christian symbol-the Cross. When we are called, as students and alumni, to be "men and women for others," we have the very name of our College as a concrete source of inspiration and hope. My concern is that this slogan belittles the true meaning of lifting high the cross and too narrowly equates our "lifting" with contributing money. The most important way we can all lift high the cross is by living as proud alumni who make a variety of meaningful contributions to the world.